The Root Canal Treatment Procedure and Benefits

Aug 02, 2021

A root canal treatment is also known as endodontic treatment. It is a dental procedure done at the center of a tooth to treat the infection. This infection takes place when bacteria that live in the mouth invade the dental pulp.

This may be caused by repeated dental procedures, which may cause leaky dental fillings, tooth decay leading to a deep cavity, a cracked or broken tooth or dental trauma. The pulp cannot repair itself, and the bacteria multiply and damage the pulp entirely through infections.

Without treatment, the infection will spread to the bone and weaken it. The tooth becomes weak and loose and may require extraction. A root canal specialist should perform a root canal therapy to repair and save the infected tooth. It is done with minimal discomfort to the patient due to anesthesia, advanced dental techniques and tools.

Symptoms of an Infected Dental Pulp

  • A loose tooth
  • Tooth sensitivity when drinking or eating hot or cold beverages and foods
  • Severe pain when chewing or biting
  • Facial swelling
  • Pimples on the gums
  • The gum near the affected tooth starts swelling
  • Pus may ooze from the affected tooth
  • The affected tooth and gums assume a darker colour
  • Chipped or cracked tooth

Root Canal Treatment Procedure

After consultation with a root canal dentist near you, treatment begins. The dentist will take an x-ray of your teeth and gums to see the shape of the root canal to determine signs of infection to the surrounding jawbone.

A local anesthetic is administered to numb the area near the tooth for a pain-free and comfortable procedure. A rubber dam is placed around the tooth to keep saliva off the site. The dentist drills your tooth to gain access and remove bacteria, pulp, and decayed nerve tissue.

The area is thoroughly cleaned using sodium hypochlorite and a series of root canal files. If the dentist is certain no bacteria are left, a permanent dental filling may be fixed after cleaning the infected part of the tooth.

The dentist may put medication into the pulp to clear out all bacteria. A temporary filling will be fixed in the tooth to keep out food particles and saliva as it takes a few days to make a permanent filling.

Before filling in the tooth, a sealer paste and some rubber compound are placed into the root canal. The tooth is then carefully filled using a dental filling of your choice to close the hole drilled into the tooth.

You may opt for further dental restorations like dental crowns to protect your tooth from breaking. The Aurora dentist will discuss all the options with you to ensure that your tooth is restored to full function. You will also be advised on how to take care of your teeth after the procedure.

Benefits of a Root Canal Treatment

  • The severe pain caused by infection and inflammation of the tooth pulp minimizes within a day or two after the treatment.
  • Your natural tooth is preserved and can perform the same functions as before.
  • You get to retain your beautiful smile.
  • Infection that may spread to other parts of the teeth, jaw or brain and cause further damage is treated.
  • It enhances your oral and overall health.

Tips to Avoid an Infected Dental Pulp

  • Brush and floss at least twice every day
  • Use a toothpaste that contains fluoride
  • Ensure that your brush is suitable for your mouth and replace it regularly
  • Put on a mouth guard during recreational activities or sports to avoid a dental trauma
  • Go for regular dental exams
  • Eat a balanced healthy diet and avoid foods and drinks that are sugary
  • If you smoke, give up smoking

Root Canal Vs Tooth Extraction

Some patients may choose to extract the infected and damaged tooth instead of getting a root canal treatment. Root canal therapy is preferable to a dental extraction due to the following reasons:

  • Root canal treatments work to save your natural tooth. Teeth extraction is not reversible; you lose your natural teeth completely.
  • Healing from a tooth extraction takes longer and pains more compared to a root canal treatment.
  • Further dental procedures will be required to replace the missing tooth as the gap affects the other teeth negatively and is not aesthetically pleasing.

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