A root canal treatment is also known as endodontic treatment. It is a dental procedure done at the center of a tooth to treat the infection. This infection takes place when bacteria that live in the mouth invade the dental pulp.
This may be caused by repeated dental procedures, which may cause leaky dental fillings, tooth decay leading to a deep cavity, a cracked or broken tooth or dental trauma. The pulp cannot repair itself, and the bacteria multiply and damage the pulp entirely through infections.
Without treatment, the infection will spread to the bone and weaken it. The tooth becomes weak and loose and may require extraction. A root canal specialist should perform a root canal therapy to repair and save the infected tooth. It is done with minimal discomfort to the patient due to anesthesia, advanced dental techniques and tools.
After consultation with a root canal dentist near you, treatment begins. The dentist will take an x-ray of your teeth and gums to see the shape of the root canal to determine signs of infection to the surrounding jawbone.
A local anesthetic is administered to numb the area near the tooth for a pain-free and comfortable procedure. A rubber dam is placed around the tooth to keep saliva off the site. The dentist drills your tooth to gain access and remove bacteria, pulp, and decayed nerve tissue.
The area is thoroughly cleaned using sodium hypochlorite and a series of root canal files. If the dentist is certain no bacteria are left, a permanent dental filling may be fixed after cleaning the infected part of the tooth.
The dentist may put medication into the pulp to clear out all bacteria. A temporary filling will be fixed in the tooth to keep out food particles and saliva as it takes a few days to make a permanent filling.
Before filling in the tooth, a sealer paste and some rubber compound are placed into the root canal. The tooth is then carefully filled using a dental filling of your choice to close the hole drilled into the tooth.
You may opt for further dental restorations like dental crowns to protect your tooth from breaking. The Aurora dentist will discuss all the options with you to ensure that your tooth is restored to full function. You will also be advised on how to take care of your teeth after the procedure.
Some patients may choose to extract the infected and damaged tooth instead of getting a root canal treatment. Root canal therapy is preferable to a dental extraction due to the following reasons: