An Overview of Orthodontics and Orthodontic Treatment

Apr 01, 2021

Orthodontic care aims to improve a patient’s bite and oral health. Properly aligned teeth ensure you can chew, eat and speak properly. Find out more below.

Your oral health is an essential part of your overall health. Crooked/misaligned teeth may be hard to clean, leading to dental problems such as gingivitis, tooth decay, and difficulty chewing.

Orthodontic treatment straightens teeth and moves them to a better position making it easier to practice ideal oral hygiene.

Why You Need Orthodontic Treatment?

It is recommended you visit a dentist at least twice a year for oral exams and dental cleanings if you want to have good oral health. Your dentist will examine for oral problems and discuss adjustments where need be. Getting your teeth aligned gives you a healthy smile improving your confidence and oral health, making you more productive. It prevents oral problems such as tooth decay and gum disease from occurring.

Below are some benefits of orthodontic treatment:

  • Increased oral function
  • Improved nutrition
  • Enhanced oral health
  • Improved facial appearance

Wondering when to have orthodontic treatment? Visit Aurora Dental Studio for orthodontic treatment if you experience the following symptoms:

  • Overcrowded teeth. This occurs when you do not have enough room in your mouth for the teeth to fit. Overcrowded teeth make it difficult to maintain proper hygiene practices. This may be a cause of periodontal problems such as gum disease and cavities.
  • Bite issues. Bite problems can affect the shape of the patient’s face as well as causing speech problems. Below are the four types of bite issues:
      1. Overbite. This is when the upper front teeth tend to stick out over the lower teeth.
      2. Underbite. In this case, the lower teeth extend far forward than the upper front teeth.
      3. Open bite. This is experienced when there is a gap between your front upper and lower teeth.
      4. Crossbite. You experience a crossbite when your lower teeth cover one or more upper teeth when your mouth is closed.
  • Teeth grinding. Your upper and lower teeth may involuntarily grind against each other. This may lead to swelling of the jaws causing health problems such as migraines.
  • Misplaced midline. This occurs when the center of your front and bottom teeth do not align. A misplaced midline may cause strain to the jaw muscles leading to facial imbalance.
  • Gaps. At times, a person’s natural teeth may grow with spaces between them. This may cause movement of teeth leading to misalignment of the teeth.
  • Sleeping problems. Sleep apnea is sometimes linked to the alignment of your teeth and jaws. It occurs when a person’s normal breathing is interrupted during sleep.
  • Temporomandibular disorders. TMD is associated with problems affecting the movement of jaws causing pain around jaw joints. Experiencing pain around your jaw muscles while eating or talking could be a sign of a temporomandibular disorder.

Types of Orthodontic Treatment

Orthodontics focuses on repositioning teeth to their respective positions, thus influencing proper development in the teeth, jaw, and face. It involves the use of various types of dental appliances to move teeth and retrain muscles slowly. Below are the types of orthodontic treatment offered by dentists:


This can either be fixed or removable. Dental braces can be used to correct crowded teeth or a misaligned jaw. They help align teeth to their position, improving your oral health.


These are metal or plastic pieces used to hold teeth in their position after alignment with braces. Retainers are made to match the shape of your mouth and the alignment of your teeth, helping them adapt to their new position.


This involves the use of invisible, removable aligners to gradually move teeth to their projected final position. Aligners can be removed when brushing, flossing, or eating, allowing you to maintain good oral hygiene.


This is used to correct bites and for proper growth and alignment of the jaw. It is used to hold steady the back teeth while the front teeth are treated.

Orthodontic expanders

An orthodontic expander is used to widen the top jaw so that the upper and bottom teeth can fit properly.

Teeth removal

Crowded teeth cause misalignment of the teeth affecting your oral health and appearance. At times, tooth extraction may help create room for the surrounding teeth as a part of the teeth alignment process.

Are you in Ontario and have been considering getting orthodontic treatment near you? Our orthodontist in Aurora, ON, will examine and recommend the perfect orthodontic treatment option for you.

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